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Home > Port Health and Public Protection > Port Health > Products of Animal Origin

Products of Animal Origin

POAO Sausages

Imports of Products of Animal Origin from the European Union

Following the Government announcement on 14 September 2021, we want to share some further information on what this might mean for your businesses.

New controls and requirements due to be introduced from 1 October 2021 and 1 January 2022 have now been delayed to 1 January 2022 and 1 July 2022.

Businesses no longer need to pre-notify or acquire a certified Export Health Certificate (EHC) from 1 October 2021. This means you can continue to import animal product consignments from the European Union as you do today until 31 December 2021.

New Timetable for Controls on Importing POAO from the EU into GB

New controls and requirements delayed to January 2022. 

From 1 January 2022, importers (or a representative acting on their behalf) will be required to pre-notify authorities via IPAFFS that their consignment will be entering Great Britain.

From 1 July 2022, animal products will need to continue to pre-notify their arrival via IPAFFS. Additionally, these consignments must be accompanied by a certified Export Health Certificate and enter via a point of entry with a Border Control Post (BCP) that has been designated to receive these goods. The consignment will be subject to documentary, identity and physical checks. 

These delays do not impact any current arrangements already in place i.e. products under safeguard measures.

At this stage we encourage businesses to start thinking about the appropriate and relevant actions they will need to take to be ready for 1 January 2022. 

Further information about the new requirements and controls being introduced from 1 January 2022 will be issued in due course.

If you haven’t registered for IPAFFS, please do so now at Import of products, animals, food and feed system (IPAFFS) - GOV.UK (

In the meantime, if you have any specific questions regarding the changes to the requirements please email Defra’s Trader Readiness Team at

IPAFFS Pre Notification

From 1 January 2022, all Products of Animal Origin (POAO), Animal By-Products (ABP) and High Risk Foods Not of Animal Origin (HRFNAO) consignments need to be pre-notified on the Import of products, animals, food and feed system (IPAFFS). 

If you haven’t done so already, please register for IPAFFS. A training video and guidance on how to create and complete a pre-notification on IPAFFS is available.

To register to use the IPAFFS system traders will need to set up a Government Gateway account and create a Defra account for the IPAFFS service.


You must pre-notify your consignment at least four-hours in advance of arriving into Great Britain. The four-hour requirement will remain in place until 30 June 2022.

How to pre-notify

From 1 January to 30 June 2022, you will require the following information to complete a notification on IPAFFS:

  • What type of animal product or goods you’re importing (i.e., POAO, ABP, HRFNAO)
  • Origin of the animal product or goods (which country it was produced, originated in)
  • Commodity code (Selectable from a predefined list)
  • Commodity type (Selectable from a predefined list)
  • Species of the commodity (Selectable from a predefined list)
  • Commodity weight (kg)
  • Date of arrival into Great Britain
  • Reason for importing consignment (i.e., internal market, transit, research, etc)
  • Consignment’s place of destination
  • Addresses and contact details for place of origin, importer and place of destination
  • Details of port of entry

Further guidance has been added to the microsite.

From 1 July 2022, the information required for notifying consignments will change and additional fields will need to be completed. We will provide you with these details in due course.

Share your notification reference with your customs agent

From 1 January 2022, staged customs controls are ending on goods imported from the EU.  All consignments must be accompanied by a full customs import declaration that is submitted before the goods arrive at the EU point of departure.

Depending on the system used, your customs agent will need to include your IPAFFS’ notification reference number (IMP.GB. 202X.XXXXXXX), as a licence number following the country code and licence type CVD in Box 44 on CHIEF or in the document identifier segment of DE 2/3 (Documents produced) on CDS following the country code and licence type CHD.

In box 44 or DE 2/3, the CHED document code should still be used to reflect the commodity (live animals, plants and plant products, high risk foods and animal products) that you are importing to ensure successful tariff validation.

You need to ensure that you share the IPAFFS’ notification reference number with your customs agent. Your customs agent must enter this number to submit the declaration. Failure to notify and provide this information will delay your custom agent’s ability to complete the declaration and could therefore delay the departure of your consignment.

For more information on customs requirements from 1 January 2022 please refer to

Imports of Prohibited and Restricted Products from the European Union


An updated Border Operating Model was published on 15/11/2021 by the Government.

The Border Operating Model confirmed that the grace period for Prohibitions and Restrictions (P&Rs) on certain Products of Animal Origin (POAO) imports will continue.

From 1 January 2022, businesses can continue to import the following commodities from the EU into Great Britain until 30 June 2022.

  • chilled minced meat (beef, pork, lamb, mutton and goat)
  • chilled and frozen minced poultry meat
  • mechanical separated meat from porcine, poultry and ratite or game birds
  • ungraded eggs  
  • chilled meat preparations

The UK Government is committed to the highest standards of animal health and biosecurity, and the extension of the grace period for these products presents a low biosecurity risk.

The UK Government will continue to review the biosecurity and public health risks associated with these products, and the future long-term imports policy in this area, which will be supported by scientific evidence.

From 1 January 2022, you need to pre-notify these on IPAFFS as per the requirements in the pre-notification section on this page.

For further information visit GOV.UK. If you have any questions, please contact:

  • What are Prohibited and Restricted Products?

They are specific goods or products that can be subject to trade restrictions.

These trade requirements, which originate in EU law, prevent or restrict the export and import of certain goods from third countries, where it is believed there is a potential for them to present a level of risk to animal, plant or public health.

Prohibitions and Restrictions already apply to imports from non-EU countries.

As an independent trading nation, the UK now sets its own trade requirements regarding P&Rs, and these decisions will reflect the most up to date knowledge of threats posed by biosecurity risks such as pathogens and disease. The UK operates a risk-based system and P&R is part of this system. 

  •  These products were not banned when we were members of the EU, why has the UK decided that they are suddenly a health risk? What’s changed?

 As a result of the UK leaving the EU in 2020 and the end of the transition period on the 31 December 2020, the EU is now a third country and is required to follow the same rules applied to all other third countries. Therefore, as P&Rs apply to imports of commodities from third countries, P&R will now also apply to the EU.

The grace period for imports of chilled minced meat, chilled and frozen minced poultry meat, mechanical separated meat from porcine, poultry and ratite or game birds, ungraded eggs and chilled meat preparations reflect the biosecurity risk status, and to ensure businesses and stock levels are not unduly affected.

  •  GB imports large volumes of chilled minced meat from the Republic of Ireland. What measures are the government taking to ensure that this vital import trade can continue after 1 July 2022?

 The UK operates a risk-based system and P&R factors into that. We will continue to assess the proportionality of P&R as it applies to the EU as a third country.  

  •  Why have you only provided a grace period for certain P&R goods?

 A decision has been taken to temporarily delay the introduction of Prohibitions and Restrictions on certain Products of Animal Origin until 30 June 2022.

The grace period for imports of chilled minced meat, chilled and frozen minced poultry meat, mechanical separated meat from porcine, poultry and ratite or game birds, ungraded eggs and chilled meat preparations, is to ensure businesses and stock levels are not affected as these products currently present a low biosecurity risk.

It is a continuation of trade we currently have with the EU and the EEA member states, the Faroe Islands, Greenland and Switzerland and their biosecurity standards have not changed. The biosecurity risk of importing these goods from EEA member states during this temporary period has been assessed to be low.

  •  The easements on chilled minced meat, chilled and frozen minced poultry meat, and chilled meat preparations, what sort of products does this include?

Examples of meat preparations include raw sausages, raw hamburgers, raw meatballs, raw seasoned steak or chicken, uncooked chicken strips and chicken nuggets.

This also includes products such as pigs in blankets (raw sausages wrapped in cured bacon), where if any of the meat components are not fully cooked and have had foodstuffs, seasonings or additives added. Other type of products for instance include oven ready seasoned meats such as turkeys or pork joints.

  • What temperature does the frozen meat preparations frozen to?

Frozen meat preparations must be frozen to an internal temperature of not more than -18C.

 Frequently Asked Questions

  • When will I need an Export Health Certificate?

Animal products being imported from the European Union into Great Britain will not require a certified Export Health Certificate to accompany the consignment until 1 July 2022.

Further information about requirements from July 2022 can be found on

  • Where can I view the Export Health Certificates?

 EHCs are issued by the competent authority in the exporting country, based on the requirements outlined in the model Export Health Certificates. The EHC is issued to the exporter based in the European Union (EU), who then provides the importer with an electronic copy to upload onto the notification in IPAFFS before the consignment arrives into Great Britain.

For commodity-specific advice, please refer to the Import Information Notes

  • From 1 July 2022, will my animal products need to enter via a point of entry with a Border Control Post?

 Yes, from July 2022 your animal products consignment will need to enter Great Britain via Border Control Post that is designated to receive your type of goods.

  • Does the delay apply to animal by-products (ABP) as well as animal products for human consumption?

 Yes, products of animal origin (POAO) for human consumption and ABP not for human consumption are included in these new arrangements. Both POAO and ABP consignments will require pre-notification from January 2022 and an EHC from 1 July 2022.

From July 2022, consignments will be subject to documentary, identity and physical Checks.

Further information about requirements from January and July 2022 can be found on

  • How does the delay impact Prohibited and Restricted (P&R) goods?

Businesses can continue to import P&R goods from the EU into Great Britain until 31 December 2021. Further information can be found on

  • How and where will I need to pre-notify my goods from 1 January 2022?

IPAFFS is the import of products, animals, food and feed system (IPAFFS) and is the system used to notify the arrival of imports of live animals, animal products and high-risk food and feed not of animal origin.

It is the responsibility of the GB importer (or a representative acting on their behalf) to register for IPAFFS to pre-notify the relevant authority of the goods’ arrival. If an EHC is required for the commodity, the EU exporter should provide the GB importer with an electronic copy of the EHC and the GB importer must upload this on to the notification in IPAFFS.

You can watch the video on how to register for IPAFFS and how to pre-notify.

You can register for IPAFFS on

  • How do these delays impact my goods that are transiting through Great Britain?

Consignments of EU origin and/or third country that have been cleared for free circulation in the EU can continue to transit through Great Britain as they do today.

From 1 January 2022, animal products transiting through Great Britain will need to be pre-notified via IPAFFS before they enter Great Britain. When these goods leave Great Britain, you will also need to notify authorities that the goods are leaving the country.

Additionally, from 1 July 2022, EU origin consignments transiting through Great Britain will require a certified EHC and must enter and exit through a point of entry with an appropriately designated Border Control Post. 

Further information on transits is available on

  • My composite product is exempt from certification, will I need to pre-notify its arrival into Great Britain?

No, if your product meets the requirements for exemption from Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) controls you do not need to pre-notify authorities of its arrival.

Further information is available on

  • Does the delay remove any controls from products under safeguard measures?

 No, products being imported under safeguard measures must continue to follow existing requirements and controls.

Import requirements are already in place for a small number of POAO subject to safeguard measures.

Emergency safeguard action can be taken at very short notice to prohibit or restrict the importation of certain products from certain countries following an outbreak of disease or a public health issue (such as avian or swine flu). Information on the latest updates concerning disease outbreaks which may affect imports into the UK can be found on

POAO subject to safeguard measures are required to be pre-notified in advance of arrival using IPAFFS and all goods must be accompanied by an Export Health Certificate.

The GB importer will also need to supply the EU exporter/ Certifying Officer (usually an Official Veterinarian) with the unique notification number (UNN) that is produced when the importer notifies the UK’s Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) about the import.

The exporter must add the UNN to the Export Health Certificate. If the safeguard measure is in place due to a new or emerging disease outbreak, and the commodity code is not available in IPAFFS, there may be other steps traders need to take to pre-notify.

Further information can be found at

  • Does this impact on the introduction of the new EHCs for goods exported to the EU or moved to NI from Great Britain as part of the Animal Health Regulation?

No, Animal Health Regulations EHCs apply to goods being exported from GB to the EU or goods moving from GB to NI only.

The changes in this communication relate to goods being imported from the EU into Great Britain only. 



List of UK BCP's

A list of UK BCPs for animal and animal products can be found here UK border control posts: animal and animal product imports - GOV.UK ( 

Fees and Charges

Fees are payable for checking documentation and examination or sampling consignments should it prove necessary.

Our current fees and charges can be found here

Please email to set up a payment account prior to the arrival of an Import.

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